杜甫 奉贈韋左丞丈二十二韻


康熹三12近體詩補充

杜甫   奉贈韋左丞丈二十二韻
 


  
紈褲不餓死,儒冠多誤身。丈人試靜聽,賤子請具陳。
甫昔少年日,早充觀國賓。讀書破萬卷,下筆如有神。
賦料揚雄敵,詩看子建親。李邕求識面,王翰愿卜鄰。
自謂頗挺出,立登要路津。致君堯舜上,再使風俗淳。
此意竟蕭條,行歌非隱淪。騎驢三十載,旅食京華春。
朝扣富兒門,暮隨肥馬塵。殘杯與冷炙,到處潛悲辛。
主上頃見征,欻然欲求伸。青冥卻垂翅,蹭蹬無縱鱗。
甚愧丈人厚,甚知丈人真。每于百僚上,猥誦佳句新。
竊效貢公喜,難甘原憲貧。焉能心怏怏,只是走踆踆。
今欲東入海,即將西去秦。尚怜終南山,回首清渭濱。
常擬報一飯,況懷辭大臣。白鷗沒浩蕩,万里誰能馴。




解釋

紈褲子弟不會餓死,有才德的讀書人,不能獲得施展才德的機會。
丈人請您試著靜聽,容我這卑賤的人把事情說清楚。
從前當我還是青年的時候,早就充當有用的觀國之賓。(指曾應進士科)
讀書超過一萬卷,提起筆來寫文章如同有神通。
辭賦估計可以比美揚雄,詩歌看來跟曹植相接近。
李邕(文學家、書法家)要求見面,王翰(著名詩人)願意結為鄰居。
自認為才學相當特出,很快就會坐上重要的官位。
要使皇帝達到唐堯、虞舜般的聖明。
不料我的理想竟遭泠落,被迫陪著貴要們詩酒宴遊。
騎驢到長安已有十三年,旅居寄食在繁華的京都。
早晨去敲扣富兒的大門,傍晚隨肥馬的後塵。
吃喝殘留的酒食,處處使我心頭隱藏著悲哀辛酸
不久皇上下詔書徵召,忽然使我感覺到壯志能伸了。
可是我卻像大鳥剛飛上藍天,又垂下了雙翅,失勢的角沒能跳過龍門
十分愧對您對我的重視,也十分瞭解您對我的真誠。
您常常在官僚們的集會上,吟誦我的好詩佳句。
我自比貢禹為王吉在位般的欣喜,實在不甘心於原憲般有道而貧困生活
我怎能內心怏怏不平?只是來回奔跑而徘徊不進。
如今想要斷絕做官,到江海隱遊,即將離開西秦。
我還愛憐著終南山,並回頭眺望渭水之濱。
常常想報答那一飯之恩,更何況情意滿懷的來告別大臣。
我將像白鷗隱遊海上,出沒在浩蕩大海,翱翔萬里,有誰能約束制馴 !

引用通告地址: http://teacher.whsh.tc.edu.tw/luwa/f2blog/trackback.php?tbID=750&extra=f2ddc7
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